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[Solved] ENG509 Assignment 1 Fall 2021

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ENG509 Assignment 1 Fall 2021 solution idea:


Morphology and Syntax (ENG509)
Fall 2021
Assignment No. 1
Lessons: 1-9
Total Marks: 20
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Q. Derivation is the process of creating a new word out of an old word, usually by adding a prefix or a suffix. Read thoroughly the concept of derivation and explain the concept of zero derivation and blending with four examples for each. (10+10=20)

Zero derivation, is a kind of word formation involving the creation of a word (of a new word class) from an existing word (of a different word class) without any change in form, which is to say, derivation using only zero. Zero-derivation changes the lexical category of a word without changing its phonological shape.

Examples of novel verbs formed by 2- to 5-year-olds by zero- derivation
a. SC (2;4, as his mother prepared to brush his hair): Don’t hair me.
b. JA (2;6, seated in a rocking chair): Rocker me, mommy.
c. SC (2;7, hitting baby sister with toy broom): I broomed her.
d. SC (2;9, playing with toy lawnmower): I’m lawning.
e. DM (3;0, pretending to be Superman): I’m supermanning.
f. FR (3;3, of a doll that disappeared): I guess she magicked.
1. j. KA (5;0): Will you chocolate my milk?

Blending: a common derivational process also called portmanteau form word by combining parts of more than one word.
a. smog < smoke + fog
b. chunnel < channel + tunnel
c. bit < binary + digit

These processes are not limited to English. Rare or absent in many Indo-European languages but common in Hebrew Common example in Hebrew, and and Japanese:(Bat-El 1996)
a. prígurt ‘fruit yogurt’ < prí ‘fruit’ + yógurt ‘yogurt’
b. kadurégel ‘football’ < kadúr ‘ball’ + régel ‘foot’
c. maškár ‘cold drink’ < mašké ‘drink’ + kár ‘cold’
d. kalcéfet ‘easy-to-make < kál ‘easy, light’ + kacéfet ice cream’ ‘whipped cream’
e. ramzór ‘traffic light’ < ramáz ‘to hint’ + ʔor ‘light’

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